Tibetan Editing on Linux

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Revision as of 10:41, 2 May 2008 by Domschl (Talk | contribs) (Configuring applications)

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Installing fonts

Linux users can use all fonts that work on Windows PCs. For installation simply create a new folder 'Tibetan' at /usr/share/fonts. Copy all Tibetan fonts into the folder /usr/share/fonts/Tibetan. Open a console and make sure that read permissions are given for all users for the Tibetan folder and it's content, e.g.:

chmod -R 0666 /usr/share/fonts/Tibetan

Refresh the font cache with

fc-cache -f

Restart applications that use fonts (e.g. OpenOffice).

Sources for fonts

  • many Debian based systems contain a package ttf-tmuni which contains Tibetan Machine Uni. (However this is a rather old version of this fonts)
  • Get the latest Jomolhari font by Chris Fynn.
  • Get the latest version of Tibetan Machine Uni at THDL Virginia University

Installing a Tibetan input method for gnome

For gnome you need the packages uim, uim-m17nlib, uim-applet-gnome. This installs a Wylie input method (as part of uim-m17nlib) and a keyboard switcher that can be added to the gnome panel:

  • Right-click the gnome-panel, select "Add to Panel..." and add the "Input Method Indicator (uim)".
  • Within the configuration of UIM, enable the input method "m17n-bo-wylie".
  • Now open gnome text editor (gedit), select a Tibetan font, e.g. Tibetan Machine Uni and activate the input method "m17n-bo-wylie".
  • You should now be able to type Tibetan.

Advanced customization

It is possible to exchange or change the way the input method "m17n-bo-wylie" works: Simply edit (as root, make a backup first!)


to add or modify the translation from wylie into Unicode Tibetan. This file serves as documentation of the input method and is also a good way to understand how the input method translates Wylie into Tibetan Unicode.

Configuring applications

To configure OpenOffice to edit Tibetan text follow this guide: Preparing OpenOffice for use with Tibetan Unicode Configuration of OpenOffice in Linux is same as configuration in Windows.

Additional information