How to convert different legacy formats of Tibetan texts into standard Unicode Tibetan
- 1 Online conversion
- 2 Offline conversion
- 3 Converting between Wylie and Tibetan Unicode
- 4 Converting Tibetan Unicode into phonetics
- 5 Converting Tibetan fonts
|National Standard Extended||no||yes||yes||yes|
|Sambhota 1.0 (Sama)||no||no||yes||yes|
|Sambhota 2.0 (Dedris)||no||no||yes||yes|
|Tibetan Machine Web||no||no||yes||yes|
Attu currently supports the conversion of the following legacy fonts into Unicode:
- Monlam ouchan 1, Monlam ouchan 2, Monlam ouchan 3, Monlam ouchan 4, Monlam yigchong
- Nitartha International (Sambhota)
- Dedris, Drutsa, Ededris, Khamdris, Sama
- Tibetan Computer Company (TCC)
- TibetanMachine, TibetanChogyal, TibetanClassic, TibetanCalligraphic, DzongkhaCalligraphic
- Tibetan Computing Resource Center (TCRC)
- TCRC Bod-Yig, TCRC Youtso, TCRC Youtsoweb
- Tibetan Library of Works and Arts (TLWA)
- TB-Youtso, TB-TTYoutso, TB2-Youtso, TB2-TTYoutso
- LTibetan, LTibetanExtension, LMantra
See the Attu website for more information.
While Attu is a Windows program, is does run on Mac and Linux with Wine.
For an overview of different available fonts see: Tibetan Fonts.
Tibetan/Dzongkha Font Based Formats
- TibetanMachine (free download: www.tibet.dk) and TibetanCaligraphic, TibetanClassic, DzongkhaCaligraphic (commercial fonts: www.tibet.dk)
- TibetanMachineWeb (free download: www.tibet.dk)
- Tibetan Modern A (free download: virginia.edu.)
- Robillard (Ltibetan, etc) (free download: UDP website).
- Sambhota including Dedris, Eedris, Esama/b/c, Sama/b/c, Samw (free download if only used to view ACIP documents, otherwise commercial license required, see nitartha.org.)
- TIBETBT (free download via THDL, direct link: www.tibet.cn
- fonts derived from the "P.R.C. National Standard for Tibetan (Extension A)" (aka "Set A"). For a documentation see Chris Fynn's website: Tibetan Extension A. Chris Fynn's Jomolhari supports this standard.
- TCRC Bod-Yig, TCRC Youtsoweb, TCRC Youtso (free download: www.tchrd.org
- All Tibetan Unicode fonts (of course) (see: Tibetan Fonts)
How to use UDP
First time configuration
- Get a copy of UDP from UDP website and install the application. UDP can be installed on computers running Windows or on computers running Linux and Wine.
- Start UDP and select
Unicodeand chose a Unicode Tibetan font.
Document are saved by default in: Unicode RTF.
Now every document you will load into UDP will be displayed using a Unicode font and will be saved by default as RTF Unicode. RTF Unicode files can be directly edited using OpenOffice or Microsoft word. See How to edit Tibetan texts.
Note: This conversion procedures work best with Windows, but it is also possible to run UDP using Wine for Linux (see below).
- TibetDoc documents:
- No conversion needed, continue with: Steps common to TibetDoc and Word documents
- Word documents:
- Export as RTF: Save the document containing legacy Tibetan fonts as RTF document.
- Simplify the RTF encoding: Many word processors (like Microsoft Word) create RTF files whose encoding is too complex for UDP to understand and that might cause UDP to crash. It is possible to simplify the RTF encoding by loading the RTF file with
wordpad(comes with Windows) and directly saving the file in wordpad again. Wordpad writes the file in a format that is easier to process for UDP. Steps: (1) Load RTF file created in step 1 with
wordpad. (2) Save it without changes in
- Steps common to TibetDoc and Word documents
- Load into UDP: Load the TibetDoc or RTF file that has been saved in steps above into UDP
- Create a Tibetan Unicode RTF file: In UDP, chose
File/Save as...and select "Rich text Unicode" as output format.
- Done: Use any Unicode application (e.g. OpenOffice) to work with the resulting file.
Using UDP in Linux or OS-X with Wine
Converting between Wylie and Tibetan Unicode
You can use the following online converter to convert between Tibetan Unicode and Wylie:
Converting Tibetan Unicode into phonetics
The following online converter automatically gives the pronunciation of Tibetan Unicode text according to THDL and Rigpa phonetics systems:
Converting Tibetan fonts
- If you want to convert legacy Tibetan fonts to Unicode, have a look at Platform Independent Tibetan Unicode Fonts
- THDL offers a table with several Converters & Reverters For Tibetan: http://www.thlib.org/tools/scripts/wiki/Tabular%20Survey%20Of%20Converters%20%7Camp%7C%20Reverters%20For%20Tibetan.html
- Table from: http://utfc.trace.org/UTFC/resources_tools_UTFC_encoding.html
- List is taken from Attu's website
- Table taken from UDP website